Descendants of John Adey of Painswick

Fifth Generation

16. John Adey (Richard , John , John , John ) was born about 1747. He died about 1786.

A John Adey married Hannah Brown on 21st April 1772 in Dursley.

He had the following children:

  31 M i John Adey was born in 1776. He died in 1823/1824.

A John Adey married Betty Jobbins on 5th February 1804 in Uley.
  32 M ii Richard Adey was born in 1782/1783. He died in 1853.

According to family records now lost Richard died in the County Mental Hospital, Wotton, probably after 7 years incapacity, in 1838 he was certified unfit to conduct business affairs.

An advertisement appeared in the London Gazette on 7th and 28th August 1838 reading as follows:
Pursuant to an Order of the High Court of Chancery, made in the matter of Richard Adey, a Lunatic, the creditors of Richard Adey, late of the city of Gloucester, Gentleman, and now an inmate of the Gloucestershire General Lunatic Asylum, are, by their Solicitors, on or before the 2nd day of November 1838, to come in and prove their debts before James William Farrer Esq. one of the Masters of the said Court at his chambers, in Southampton Buildings, Chancery Lane, London or in default thereof they will be excluded the benefits of the said order.

According to the County Mental Hospital was originally founded as Gloucester Lunatic Asylum in 1793. The Old County and City Lunatic Asylum opened on 21st July 1823 at Horton Road, Wotton about half a mile from the City of Gloucester. It had 45 acres of grounds and views of the surrounding countryside. From 1838, when the Wotton asylum had 20 wealthy, 3 charity, and 167 pauper patients, the number of charity patients increased considerably.

The centre of the building is in the form of a semi circle which with the wings originally extended 250ft. Additional buildings including a chapel have been erected and there is accomodation for 640 patients. The Chapel on site which was built on the site of a previous chapel in 1873, remained in use until 1980's when it was turned into Offices. The Asylum later became known as Horton Road Hospital.

The 1841 census for St Mary de Lode shows 59 year old Richard Adey living in Gloucestershire Lunatic Asylum.

The London Gazette 19th May 1843 carried the following advertisement:
To be sold, pursuant to an Order of the Lord Chancellor made in the matter of Richard Adey, a lunatic and with the approbation of the Commissioners in Lunacy, on Wednesday 31st day of May instant, at twelve for one o'clock in the afternoon, at the Ram Inn, in the city of Gloucester, in four lots. Six freehold messauges, with a plot of building-ground, in Barton Street, near Gloucester, and two leasehold messauges in Saint Marys Square, Gloucester. Printed particulars and conditions of sale may be had (gratia) at the office of the said Commissioners, No. 43 Lincolns-Inn-Fields, London; of Messrs Freeman, Bothamley and Bentall, Solicitors, No. 39 Coleman Street, London; of Mr Horner, Solicitor, College Street, Gloucester; at the Ram Inn, Gloucester; and of Mr Causton, Auctioneer, Berkeley Street, Gloucester.

Richard had been the 5th landowner largest landowner in Painswick but lived in Gloucester , where he also owned property, much of the time. Many original family records are believed to have been lost while in Richards care.
  33 F iii Mary Adey was born in 1784/1785. She died in 1861.

19. Sarah Adey (Thomas , John , John , John ) was born in 1752 in Painswick. She died in 1777.

Painswick Parish Records show that John Cooke of Miserden married Sarah Adey of Painswick on 2nd April 1771 in the presence of Thomas Adey.

Sarah married John Cooke on 2 Apr 1771 in Painswick. John was born on 7 Apr 1747 in Miserden, Gloucester.

They had the following children:

  34 F i Pheby Cooke was born in 1772. She was christened on 12 Jan 1772 in Painswick.
  35 F ii Charlotte Cooke was born in 1773 in Painswick. She was christened on 2 May 1773 in Painswick.
  36 M iii Samuel Cooke was born in 1775. He was christened on 21 May 1775 in Painswick.

20. John Adey (Daniel , John , John , John ) was christened on 5 Jul 1752 in Gloucester. He was buried on 10 Jan 1830 in Stroud Old Meeting House.

John was a clothier. probably working with the Stanleys of Rock Mill, Painswick. .In 1795 James Stanley is shown as owner occupier of Rock Mill. In 1797 John Adey, clothier is shown as the occupier.

He was a prominent member of Stroud Upper Meeting House and he made and gave the pulpit to Painswick Congregational Chapel in about 1800.

Stroud Old Meeting House records describe John as John Adey formerly of Rock Mill.

John married Sarah Stanley daughter of James Stanley on 3 Jun 1789 in Painswick. Sarah was born in 1769. She was christened on 15 Jan 1769 in Gloucester. She died in 1820. She was buried on 26 Aug 1820 in Stroud Old Meeting House.

Sarah was daughter of James Stanley who bought Rock Mill on the Stroud to Gloucester Road a mile downstream from Small's Mill in approx 1790. According to A History of the County of Gloucester Volume XI the mill was owned and occupied by James Stanley in 1795, by John Adey in 1797 and Timothy Stanley in 1809. The mill was put up for sale after the death of James Stanley in 1815 when it contained 3 stocks and a gig-mill.

John and Sarah had the following children:

  37 F i Anne Adey was born in 1791. She was christened on 27 Jul 1791 in Stroud Old Meeting House. She died in 1853 in Northampton, USA.

The Hereford Journal 20 January 1830 includes an announcement - At Walcot, Bath, Rev John Tideman, of Cardiff, to Ann, second daughter of Mr John Adey, clothier, of Callowell, near Stroud. No further information has been found regarding John Tideman but it must be assumed that he died before 1833 when she married Nathaniel Paul.

References to Anne Paul in books about Baptist pastors of the time indicate that after her marriage and move to America as a stranger in a strange land she faced many difficulties and she felt the strong prejudice melted out to those who crossed the racial marriage line.

Twenty-Two Years a Slave and Forty Years a Freeman by Austin Stweard includes the following description:..."we were immediately ushers into the presene of Mrs Nathanial Paul, whom we found in an inner apartment, made by drawn curtains, carpeted in an expensive style, where she was seated like a queen in state, with a veil floating from her head to the floor; a gold chain encircling her neck, and attached to a gold watch in her girdle; her fingers and person were sparkling with costly jewelry. Her manners were stiff and formal, nor was she handsome, but a tolerably fair looking woman of about 30 years of age; and this was the wife of our agent for the poor Wilberforce colony!"

The 1840 US census for Albany Ward 1, Albany, New York State has a record of Anne Paul living alone as head of household.

The 1850 US census for Northampton, Hampshire, Massachusetts shows:
Cheney Sook, 63, farmer, born Mass.
Rebecca Sook, 52, born Mass.
Melvin Sook, 26, born Mass.
Ann Paul, 55, born England.

A notice in the Bristol Mercury 14th May 1853 reads "Died - At Northampton (US) Anne Relict of Rev N. Paul of Albany and 2nd daughter of the late Mr John Adey of Rock Mills, Painswick - aged 62".
        Anne married (1) Rev Nathaniel Paul on 23 Jun 1833 in St. Nicholas Olave, London, England. Nathaniel was born in 1775 in New Hampshire. He died on 19 Jul 1839 in Albany, New York.

The life and times of Samuel H Davis an anti slavery activist states that Sarah Paul, Samuel H.'s grandmother, was born on the island of Martha's Vineyard, around 1769. Davis in his manuscript states that she was the eldest child of a large family. He goes on to say that his grandmother, Sarah, was the sister of the mothers of Rev. Thomas Paul and Rev. Nathaniel Paul who were connected with the Wilberforce institute that was started not far from London, Ontario. He indicates that she was also the sister of the mothers of A.G. Beaman, a well-educated Congregationist minister, highly respected by all who knew him, Rev. C.L. Remond, and a Buffalo family by the name of Whitefield. Perhaps the name was James M. "Whitfield" who was a barber, an author, and an anti-slavery activist in Buffalo. Anyway, all of the above listed, were active in the anti-slavery movement. Samuel H. stated that she married a white man--an Englishman, named John Tolman who was a sailor. Silas, Sarah's father, was a "mulatto" and her mother was an Indian woman. A document in the Massachusetts Archives Collection relating to Silas Paul, states that Sarah's father was listed as an Indian man, not a mulatto. Silas, recorded as a pastor in Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts, was paid as a minister, and from 1769 was referred to as a "Baptist pastor." He was the minister of the Baptist Churches at Gayhead and Chappaquidick, and the only Indian minister of this denomination then on that island. He died 24, Aug. 1787.

Nathaniel was a Baptist pastor in Albany from 1820 onwards.

In 1827 Rev. Nathaniel Paul, a minister in Albany, New York, hails the final abolition of slavery in that state. His address given on July 5, 1827 in Albany marks that occassion. The address appears below.

We look forward with pleasing anticipation to that period, when it shall no longer be said that in a land of freemen there are men in bondage, but when this foul stain will be entirely erased, and this, worst of evils, will be forever done way. The progress of emancipation, though slow, is nevertheless certain: It is certain, because that God who has made of one blood all nations of men, and who is said to be no respecter of persons, has so decreed; I therefore have no hesitation in declaring this sacred place, that not only throughout the United States of America, but throughout every part of the habitable world where slavery exists, it will be abolished. However great may be the opposition of those who are supported by the traffic, yet slavery will cease. The lordly planter who has his thousands in bondage, may stretch himself upon his couch of ivory, and sneer at the exertions which are made by the humane and benevolent, or he may take his stand upon the floor of Congress, and mock the pitiful generosity of the east or west for daring to meddle with the subject, and attempting to expose its injustice: he may threaten to resist all efforts for a general or a partial emancipation even to a dissolution of the union. But still I declare that slavery will be extinct; a universal and not a partial emancipation must take place; nor is the period far distant. The indefatigable exertions of the philanthropists in England to have it abolished in their West India Islands, the recent revolutions in South America, the catastrope and exchange of power in the Isle of Hayti, the restless disposition of both master and slave in the southern states, the constitution of our government, the effects of literary and moral instruction, the generous feelings of the pious and benevolent, the influence and spread of the holy religion of the cross of Christ, and the irrevocable decrees of Almighty God, all combine their efforts and with united voice declare, that the power of tyranny must be subdued, the captive must be liberated, the oppressed go free, and slavery must revert back to its original chaos of darkness, and forever annihilated from the earth. Did I believe that it would always continue, and that man to the end of time would be permitted with impunity to usurp the same undue authority over his fellow, I would disallow any allegiance or obligation I was under to my fellow creatures, or any submission that I owed to the laws of my country; I would deny the superintending power of divine providence in the affairs of his life; I would ridicule the religion of the Saviour of the world, and treat as the worst of men the ministers of an everlasting gospel; I would consider my Bible as a book of false and delusive fables, and commit it to the flames; nay, I would still go farther; I would at once confess myself an atheist, and deny the existence of a holy God. But slavery will cease, and the equal rights of man will be universally acknowledged. Nor is its tardy progress any argument against its final accomplishment. But do I hear it loudly responded,—this is but a mere wild fanaticism, or at best but the misguided conjecture of an untutored descendant of Africa. Be it so, I confess my ignorance, and bow with due deference to my superiors in understanding; but if in this case I err, the error is not peculiar to myself; if I wander, I wander in a region of light from whose political hemisphere the sun of liberty pours forth his refulgent rays, around which dazzle the star-like countenances of Clarkson, Wilberforce, Pitt, Fox and Grenville, Washington, Adams, Jefferson, Hancock and Franklin; if I err, it is their sentiments that have caused me to stray….We do well to remember, that every act of ours is more or less connected with the general cause of emancipation. Our conduct has an important bearing, not only on those who are yet in bondage in this country, but its influence is extended to the isles of India, and to every part of the world where the abomination of slavery is known. Let us then relieve ourselves from the odious stigma which some have long since cast upon us, that we were incapacitated by the God of nature, for the enjoyment of the rights of freemen, and convince them and the world that although our complexion may differ, yet we have hearts susceptible of feeling; judgment capable of discerning, and prudence sufficient to manage our affairs with discretion, and by example prove ourselves worthy the blessings we enjoy.

Nathaniel Paul, An Address, Delivered on the Celebration of the Abolition of Slavery, in the State of New-York, (Albany: J. B. Van Steenbergh, 1827).

A biography og Nathaniel Paul at reads as follows:
Early 19th Century abolitionist minister Nathaniel Paul was born into a free black family in Exeter, New Hampshire and was one of six Paul sons to enter the Baptist ministry. His elder brother, Thomas Paul, Sr., was the first pastor of the First African Baptist Church in Boston in 1806. Shadrach Paul was an itinerant preacher who rode throughout New Hampshire for the Domestic Mission Society. Benjamin Paul worked alongside Nathaniel as an antislavery agent and minister. Nathaniel Paul moved to Albany, New York, a way station on the Underground Railroad to Canada, where he served as the first pastor of the Union Street Baptist Church.

A leader in the city’s black community, Rev. Paul participated in a variety of projects designed to improve educational opportunities for blacks in Albany. He was an organizer of the Wilberforce School in Canada, the only school for black youth until 1873, although some blamed him for the financial failure of Wilberforce. Paul was also a founder and leader of the Union Society of Albany for the Improvement of the Colored People in Morals, Education, and Mechanic Arts. Paul was also an active abolitionist and a vocal opponent of the colonization movement. One of his speeches, delivered in New York City in 1829, appeared in the abolitionist journal, The Rights of All.

Several members of the Paul family participated in the abolitionist movement. Nathaniel Paul’s niece, Susan Paul, was a teacher of black children and an active member of the bi-racial Boston Female Anti-Slavery Society. His nephew, Thomas Paul, Jr., was the first black graduate of Dartmouth in 1841 and later a leader in the Boston free black community as a school teacher and principal.

Nathaniel Paul died a pauper in Albany, New York on July 19, 1839.

He left Albany in about 1831 for the salve colony in Wilberforce, Canada in about 1831 and then travelled to England to raise funds for the slave colony. It seems likely that Nathaniel and Anne Adey met through Rev Edward Adey while Nathaniel was in England, this would also account for their marriage taking place in London.

He returned to Albany approximately 4 years later and died there.
        Anne married (2) Rev John Tideman in 1830 in Walcot, Bath.
+ 38 F ii Elizabeth Adey
+ 39 F iii Mary Adey
  40 F iv Hannah Adey was born in 1794. She was christened on 4 Sep 1794 in Stroud Old Meeting House.
  41 F v Hephzibah Adey was born in 1796. She was christened on 7 Apr 1796 in Stroud Old Meeting House.

Hephzibah married William Fluck a clothier at Pitchcombe Mill in 1834. In 1838 he installed 3 power looms and had 35 hand looms with 16 winter hp and 8 summer hp. In 1844 he had the Valtch Mill, Slad and 6 powers looms, 55 hand looms with 66 steam hp and 2 12hp water wheels.

The 1841 census shows Hephzibah Adey (aged 40) in Middle St, Stroud with Hephzibah Hodges.
        Hephzibah married William Fluck.
  42 F vi Sarah Adey was born in 1797. She was christened on 18 Sep 1797 in Stroud Old Meeting House.

21. Daniel Adey (Daniel , John , John , John ) was born in 1763/1772. He died in 1836.

Family tradition says that Daniel opened a short lived Sunday School in a cottage at Edge in the latter part of 1780. The Sunday school probably at Priscilla Kings was visited by Robert Raikes who is credited with starting the present system of Sunday Schools after opening one in Gloucester in 1788. According to his sons obituary the home was often visited by Rev Conelius Winter (minister of Painswick Congregational Chapel) and Rev William Jay of Bath (minister of Argyle Street Chapel, Bath for more than 60 years). Robert Raikes was an ocassional visitor and with Daniel he started the second Sunday School at Painswick Edge.

Daniel is believed to have had 3 wives. Catherine Sims was his first wife.

Family tradition says that around 1780 he went to Turnham Green , Middlesex, as a grocer but by 1820 only Thomas Adey is found there as a grocer and cheesemonger. Tradition and his sons obituary then places him at Laleham, Middlesex and Chobham, Surrey. Rev John's letters show him there from 1826 to 1834, in the last two years "an old man" "in poor circumstances", cared for by his neice Hepsibah. He had died before July 1837.

Either he or one of his brothers carved and gave the pulpit for the rebuilt Congregational Chapel in Painswick in 1803.

He was possibly a yeoman in Chiswick from 1799 to 1806.

Daniel married (1) Catharine Sims in 1792. Catharine was born in Stroud.

Sims was a common name in Stroud at this time.

Daniel and Catharine had the following children:

  43 M i Rev John Adey was born on 15 May 1793 in Painswick. He died on 16 Dec 1869. He was buried in Grave number 006231 Abney Park Cemetery.

The British Library lists a number of books published by John Adey including The Eleventh Hour (1835, 46 pages, published by Ward & Co), Hymms for Public Worship (1845, published by E F Gooch of London), Hymms original and selected (1831, published by Westley & Davies of London), The Night Cometh (1858, 16 pages, published by Ward & Co), Puritan-Gems (1850) and The Convert From Popery (1851, 32 pages, published by Snow of London).

John was a Congregationalist (according to his obituary the Adey family had been non conformists for more than 200 years) he was born in Painswick and as a boy he often accompanied the Rev Cornelius Winter in his village labours and his preaching visits to the villages around Painswick. Cornelius Winter was the Congregational Pastor, the chapel is now named after him, he was the friend of Whitefield and the tutor of William Jay. He was the leader of 6 men who started Sunday School in Gloucester and taught themselves - often regarded as the real start of the voluntary system. Although Raikes had previously started Sunday Schools they had stopped after his death. According to F C Adey in A Cotswold Methodist Heritage hundreds of sunday schools failed due to lack of funds and the trouble was threatening to become fatal until a school with unpaid teachers led by John Adey was set up in the Countess of Huntingdon's Chapel in St Mary's Square, Gloucester.

While in Gloucester, John was a drapers assistant, later he was engaged in business in Winslow, Buckinghamshire and spent his leisure time as an itinerant preacher. On Sundays he visited different villages in the neighbourhood and began work in Great Horwood where he founded a Sunday School for children that he found on the street. He found that adults also required instruction, he gathered them together and found friends to speak to them. On one occasion his friend did not arrive and so John preached his first sermon. Shortly after this he gave up his business interests, moved to Great Horwood and devoted himself full time to his preaching. In 1820 he was ordained after studying under Dr William Harris of Kingston, Surrey, who became a tutor at Hoxton Academy. According to West Gallery Churches website at the Sunday School in Great Horwood was started in about 1819 by John Adey of Winslow (Buckinghamshire) and led to the formation of an adult congregation for the increased needs of which a barn was fitted up as a schoolhouse and place of worship in 1821. A gallery was added 2 years later. The chapel, built as a barn, has brick walls and a tiled roof but the original barn enterances are still visible in the north and south walls. The interior retains its original seating with shaped ends to open benches. The gallery seats have open backs, the ends of two of which rise to slender posts serving as candle sconces. The east gallery has a plain panelled front. An ecclesiastical census from 1851 shows a general congregation of 140 for morning worship and 200 for evening worship.

In 1827 he took over from Rev James Skinner aged 78 who died after 42 years as Pastor in Cranbrook, Kent. Cranbrook Independent Chapel was at that time known as the "Chapel on the Hill". It was furnished with pews, a gallery, pulpit etc. Water colour pictures, of the outside and inside, painted by a former pastor many years ago hang in the vestry of the present day church. The church from Johns time is now three cottages which are private dwellings and one is still called "Dissenters Cottage". The church records from this period are unfortunately missing.

In 1830 he moved to Ramsgate, Kent (where he succeeded George Townsend). While in Ramsgate he often used to visit London where he preached at Surrey Chapel. This church still has a copy of his portrait signed "I am, your truly, Jno Adey".

John preached to North Sea Fisherman in Bethel and was London Missionary Society director from 1832 to 1855 The London Missionary Society was founded by William Wilberforce and other members of "The Clapham Sect". He was associated with continental work of the Sunday School Union, a hymn writer and phamphleteer, also a very early advocate (possibly 2nd) of early closing of shops.

The Times on 2nd November 1836 featured a lengthy editorial/leader beginning "There has recently sprung up in the suburban district of Sloane-street a curious polemical warfare". The article discusses "irregular places of worship and unauthorised teachers" and in its conslusion the article refers to the Rev Mr Adey late of Ramsgate.

In 1836 he became Pastor of the Union Chapel, Parish Street, Horsleydown, Southwark a chapel which had been built in 1823 to replace an earlier chapel in Back Street, Horsleydown. Here he worked for 22 years, he built 2 schoolrooms, gathered a large church and congregation. He is credited with forming useful institutions, bringing hundreds of people into the church and introducing many young men to the ministry. At this time a great religious revival was taking place and Johns sermon "The Night Cometh" was published selling over 150,000 copies in the UK and colonies. Although long out of print in 2004 it is still possible to buy digital electronic reprints from at least 2 publishers in the USA. It is said that John attracted much attention by preaching to different trades often taking curious texts. To tanners he preached from "He lodgeth in the house of one Simon a tanner". On the death by accident of a carman in his congregation he took for his text "O Wheel".

The 1841 census for St Mary Newington, Lambeth shows John, Eliza and 2 servants living in Surrey Square.

The Times for Monday 11th April 1842 contains the following in the Court Circular: "The Queen held a court on Saturday afternoon at Buckingham Palace for the reception of addresses on the thorne. The general body of Protestant Sissenting Monisters of the three denominations were conducted by Sir William Martins, Gentleman Usher in Waiting, from the Library, where they had assembled, up the Grand Staircase to the Throne-room, where the Rev E Henderson, DD, read an Address of Congratulations to the Queen on the auspicious birth of a Prince. Her Majesty returned a most gracious answer. The Rev Dr. Henderson and the Rev Edward Steane had the honour to kiss hands and the latter rev. gentleman presented to the Queen the members of the body. There were present the Rev Dr Jenkyn, Rev James Matheson DD, Rev J Morison DD, Rev Professor Hoppys LL D, Rev Professor Kidd, Rev G Clayton, Rev John Burnet, Rev John Howard Clinton MA, Rev S Tomkins MA, Rev H L Berry MA, Rev Thomas Russell AM, Rev F W Gotch AB, Rev Robert Ainslie, Rev Edward Mannering, Rev Edward Alexander Dunn, Rev William Williams, Rev Charles Williams, Rev W Johnstone Hope, Rev J Raban, Rev Thomas Timpson, Rev John Pulling, Rev Thomas James, Rev John Morris, Rev Michael Angelo Garvey, Rev John Adey, Rev George Rose, Rev William Norten, Rev George Pritchard, Rev H J Crump, Rev John Peacock, Rev Joseph Mason, Rev T Binney, Rev John Blackburn, Rev John H Godwin, Rev William Smith, Rev H B Jenis, Rev George Verrall, Rev DavidDavies, Rev B Woodyard, Rev Thomas Lewis, Rev W Stern Palmer, Rev Charles Gilbert, Rev John Yockney, Rev John Robinson, Rev Joseph John Freeman, Rev William Greser, Rev Robert Ashton, Rev Israel May Soule, Rev James Mirams, Clement Dukes AM, Fox Vardy AM, John Edgecombe Richards, William Bean and S Mainmery Homerton. Addresses to the same effect were also presented from the same bodies to his Royal Highness Prince Albert."

The Times for Thursday 30th June 1842 contains the following in the Court Circular: "The Queen held a Court yesterday afternoon at Buckingham Palace for the reception of addresses on the throne. The Protestant Dissenting Clergy of the Three Denominations arrived at the Palace to present a congratulatory address, and having been ushered up the grand staircase we conducted to the presence of the Queen. The deputation consisted of the following: - The Rev J Howard Hinton AM Chairman; Rev William Stern Palmer, Secretary; Rev John Pye Smith DD FRS &c; Rev Edward Alexander Dunn, Rev John Yockney, Rev William Williams, Rev Joseph Berry, Rev H B Jenis, Rev John Blackburn, Rev Thomas Timpson, Rev John Edgcome Richards, Rev Robert Philip, Rev John Tudor Rowland, Rev Professor Hoppus LLD FRS, Rev Joseph Belcher, Rev John Hunt, Rev Joseph Mason, Rev Stephen Augustine Dubourg, Rev David Denham, Rev HenryRichards, Rev John Andrew Jones, Rev Thomas Lewis, Rev Thomas Jackson, Rev Joseph John Freeman, Rev Stephen Joshua Davis, Rev Israel May Soule, Rev William Bean, Rev Robert Ashton, Rev Daniel Curtis, Rev Charles Williams, Rev William Grosser, Rev John Adey, Rev H L Berry, MA, Rev George Verrall, Rev John Edwards, Rev George Wyard, Rev John Morris and the Rev Benjamin Woodyard. The Rev J Howard Hinton AM read the address of congratulation, and Her Majesty was pleased to return a most gracious answer. The Rev J Howard Hinton and the Rev W Stern Palmer had the honour to kiss hands, and the deputation then retired."

The May 1844 edition of The Evangelical Magazine and Missionary Chronicle contains a portrait of John by H Room.

On 2nd February 1846 30 year old Peter Charles Kitchner was indicted at the Old Bailey on charges of stealing from his master. He had stolen 12 shawls value 10 shillings, 52 yards of silk value 7 shillings, 2 scarfs value 1 shilling, 1 pair of cuffs value 1 shilling and 6 pence, 2 handkerchiefs value 1 shilling and 6 pence, 2 1/2 yards of cambric value 1 shilling and 6 pairs of stockings value 18 shillings the goods of Thomas Broks, his master. He pleaded guilty, Rev John Adey (dissenting minister) and Bartholomew Calway (a draper in Tooley Street) gave the prisoner a good character but he was sentenced to be transported for 7 years.

The 1848 Post Office Directory of London shows John living at 43 Trinity Square, Borough.

The 1851 census shows John (aged 57) living at 19 Surrey Square, Old Kent Road with his wife Eliza (aged 43), his niece Eliza (aged 10), his nephew Alfred Dresser (aged 19, occupation architect) and Hannah Whittaker a 27 year old servant from Matlock.

The Post Office Directory for 1852 shows Rev John Adey still living at 19 Surrey Square, Old Kent Road.

In January 1858 he became pastor of Bexleyheath, a church where he had already preached on occassions and which was according to family tradition was formed by his village preaching. He fitted up the market-house for a Sunday School, erected a chapel, a gallery and enlarged the building. According to a booklet "The Church on the Heath", the church opened on 14th June 1854 and previous ministers were Mr Noble, Mr J Barfitt and Mr Gilbert. During Johns first year at Bexleyheath the church spent £80 converting the old Market House to a Sunday School and £20 purchasing a small organ, both of these expenses were paid by John himself. The Times 12th May 1858 carries an announcement of the wedding of Mr Francis Hudson of Islington and Miss Julia Anne West of Bexley married at the Congregational Chapel, New Bexley by Rev John Adey.

The 1861 census for Bexley, Kent shows John & Eliza living on Bexley Heath, North Side with his niece Eliza and one servant.

In 1861 the church had financial problems and the pastor was not paid, John wrote them a rather stern letter and offered to give up his fixed income in return for the pew rents.

He retired in 1868 and on resigning a testimonial was presented to him at a public meeting presided over by his relative Mr Daniel Pratt amd attended by twenty other ministers.

On 4th December 1869 he was struck with paralysis and he died 12 days later.

He was buried in grave number 006231 at Abney Park Cemetery but unfortunately the sandstone monument is badly weathered and almost unreadable although in 2004 it was possible to make out a reference to "The Night Cometh" and to "The Lord of the Vineyard" (a verse which is printed inside the front cover of The Night Cometh). According to the cemetery records and the inscription John is buried with his wife Eliza Ann. The cemetery records show that Julianna Dresser was buried in the same grave on 1st March 1851, Julianna Dresser was the wife of John Dresser and the mother of Alfred Dresser. She was formerly Julianna Gooch, the sister of John's wife Eliza Ann Gooch. The Rev Robert Ashton officiated at Abney Park whilst funeral sermons were preached by Rev H Young at Painswick, Rev H J Bevis at Ramsgate, Rev J Moss at Horselydown and Rev E Mannering at Bexley Heath.

John's obituary was published on page 300 of the 1871 Congregational Year Book and in the February 1870 Evangelical Magazine. A favourite motto of his was "Earth for work, Heaven for rest".
        John married Eliza Ann Gooch daughter of Thomas Gooch and Ann Woodruff on 19 Nov 1833 in St Giles, Camberwell, Surrey. Eliza was born in 1807 in Clerkenwell. She died on 1 Dec 1871. She was buried on 7 Dec 1871 in Grave number 006231 Abney Park Cemetery.

The Times for Tuesday 12th December 1871 announced that Eliza Ann Adey widow of Rev John Adey died at her residence in Bexley-Heath aged 64
+ 44 M ii Rev Edward Adey
+ 45 M iii Daniel Francis Adey

Daniel married (2) Hannah Reay in 1824.

Daniel married (3) Sussanah Carter in 1834.

22. Winifred Adey (Daniel , John , John , John ) was born in 1769/1770.

Winifred married Onesiphorus Stanley, a clothier and son of James Stanley, by licence, in Painswick.

Winifred married Onesiphorus Stanley on 24 Oct 1788 in Painswick.

They had the following children:

  46 F i Sarah Stanley was christened on 22 Feb 1789 in Pitchcombe.
  47 M ii James Adey Stanley was christened on 10 Jul 1791 in Pitchcombe.
  48 M iii John Douglas Stanley was christened on 22 Jul 1796 in Painswick.
  49 M iv Jeremiah Stanley was christened on 24 May 1799 in Painswick.
  50 F v Hannah Stanley was christened on 10 Mar 1802 in Painswick.
  51 F vi Arabella Stanley was christened on 24 Aug 1806 in Pitchcombe.
  52 F vii Mary Stanley was christened on 5 Mar 1809 in Pitchcombe.
  53 M viii George Onesiphorus Stanley was christened on 26 Apr 1812 in Pitchcombe.

26. Lucy Adey (Daniel , John , John , John ) was born in 1778/1779.

Lucy married William Pratt on 14 Feb 1809 in Painswick. William was born in 1779 in Miserdine, Gloucestershire.

William Pratt was a baker from Miserden

William and Lucy had the following children:

+ 54 M i Rev John Adey Pratt
  55 F ii Lucy Ann Pratt was born in 1814.
+ 56 M iii Daniel Pratt
  57 M iv Rev William Coolling Pratt was born in 1816. He died in 1874.
  58 M v Thomas Pratt.

Thomas and Sophia moved to Canada in the 1840s. In 2006 there were about 80 descendants of Thomas living in Canada, mainly in Alberta and British Columbia.
        Thomas married Sophia Pedgrift on 7 May 1841 in London.

29. John Adey (Richard , Richard , John , John ) was born in 1743. He died in 1820.

The Universal British Directory, 1791 lists John Adey, pinmaker as one of the principal inhabitants of Gloucester as both a member of the Gentry and a Trader.

John Adey, Gentleman of Gloucester, was an elder of Southgate Congregational Chapel in Southgate Street, Gloucester from 1797 to 1807 and senior trustee and treasurer from 1809 to 1819. The church usually owed him and in 1818 as much as £32.12. He is described as a pinmaker in 1805 and later as a pin manufacturer. He owned many properties in and around the city of Gloucester.

His lengthy will was proved in London on 22nd April 1820. He left his copyhold estate in Painswick to his son Richard and his 3 daughters Ann Tippotts, Mary Thomson and Sarah Martin received £100 each. His freehold tithes were left to his son Richard, John Garn and Edward Bower with instructions that they should be sold to pay his daughters and any money left over should go to Richard. He left other freehold and leasehold lands to John Garn and Edward Bower. His lands in Drakes Croft in the hamlets of St Michael and St Mary, occupied by John Tovey on trust were to be used to give an income for his daughter Ann, those occupied by Samuel Nichols (butcher) were to give an income for his daughter Mary and those occupied by John Saunders to give an income to his daughter Sarah. Other lands in St Michael occcupied by various people including lands previously occupied by John himself and lands purchased from the Duke of Norfolk were to be used to create an annuity for Mary. The will also mentions his first cousin and friend Samuel James Horseman?, his friend William Bishop (minister of The Southgate Meeting House), Eliza Horseman (daughter of Samuel) and his aunt Susanna Adey who received an annuity.

A codacil was added to the will in 1819 revoking any monies due to George Martin, adding Richard as an executive and ensuring that Sarah's childern received support.

A Samuel Horseman died in Keynsham in 1858.

A Susanna Adey died in Clifton in 1859.

William Bishop, dissenting minister of an independent meeting house died in 1832.

John married Mary Perris daughter of Thomas Perris on 27 Feb 1770 in St Mary de Crypt, Gloucester. Mary was born in 1748. She died in 1816.

They had the following children:

  59 M i John Adey was born in 1771. He was christened on 2 Apr 1771 in Southgate Street Congregational Church Gloucester. He died in 1800.

According to family records a Painswick clothier who purchased manorial lands in 1793 and moved to the City of Gloucester. He died intestate in 1800 and administration papers were granted to his father John, John Pytt printer of the City of Gloucester and Samuel Daniell a hatter of the City of Gloucester.
  60 M ii William Adey was born in 1772. He was christened on 14 May 1772 in Southgate Street Congregational Church Gloucester.

On 30th July 1791 at Buckingham General Sessions in Aylesbury a 19 year old William Adey, formerly of the 29th regiment of foot, was found guilty of stealing from the Wantage carrier (grand larceny) and sentenced to be transported for 7 years. He was transfered to the Stanislaus Hulk in Woolwich and then to Portsmouth where he sailed on 30th May 1792 aboard the Royal Admiral arriving in Sydney, New South Wales on 7th October 1792. The Royal Admiral belonged to the Chitty/Bowness line and the ships master was Henry Essex. Two people found guilty of burglary at the same court sessions were sentenced to death. It is not certain if this is the same William Adey but there is no further mention of William Adey in England and he is not mentioned in his fathers will.
+ 61 F iii Mary Adey
  62 M iv Ebenezer Adey was born in 1776. He was christened on 23 Aug 1776 in Southgate Street Congregational Church Gloucester.
  63 M v Thomas Adey was born in 1778. He was christened on 30 Jun 1778 in Southgate Street Congregational Church Gloucester. He died in 1805.
+ 64 M vi Richard Adey
  65 F vii Mary Adey was born in 1785. She was christened on 24 Mar 1785 in Southgate Street Congregational Church Gloucester.
+ 66 F viii Sarah Adey
  67 F ix Ann Adey.
        Ann married Living.

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